Public Defence: PhD

Candidate: Edith Kwigizile

Kwigizile is a Lecturer in Development Studies, employed at the Stefano Moshi Memorial University College, a Constituent College of Tumaini University Makumira since 2009 in the Department of Development Studies and Social Sciences. In previous, she worked with Action for Relief and Development Assistance, a national Non-Governmental Organization since 1999. She registered with Sokoine University of Agriculture in July 2014 to pursue PhD studies in the Institute of Development studies (DSI) currently, the Department of Development Studies (DDS), College of Social Sciences and Humanities (CSSH).

Thesis Title:

Women’s roles, demographic factors and household socio-economic status in selected areas of Morogoro District, Tanzania.


  1. Prof. John Msuya
  2. Dr. Michael Mahande

Date and Time:  25 August, 2020; 09:30 hrs

Venue: Postgraduate Seminar Room, Third Floor, Central Administration Building:

Mode: Face-to face/Online

Panellist members:

S/N Name of Panel member Status of appointment Remarks
1 Prof. Z.S.K. Mvena Chairperson
2 Dr. Fatihiya Masawe Appointee of the CSSH Principal
3 Dr. John V. Msinde Internal examiner Not Supervisor
4 Prof. John M. Msuya Internal Examiner Supervisor
5 Dr. Justin J.Ringo Appointee of the Head, DDS Recorder

 Summary of the Thesis

In rural Tanzania, like most other rural areas in the world, low household socio-economic status (hSES) is a common phenomenon. The contribution of women related factors to the hSES of any household in which a woman resides is not clearly known particularly in the Tanzanian context.  This study used questionnaires, focus group discussions and physical observations to explore the relationship between demographic factors, reproductive factors and hSES in Morogoro District in Tanzania. The study also assessed the gender differences in time expenditure in economic production and reproduction activities.

Results indicate that, the desire to have many children and having children aged below 5 years reduced the likelihood to attain higher hSES. Being ?35 years old and living in villages with better road access were related with higher hSES. Further, results showed that, being pregnant for the first time while above 19 years of age was associated with a better hSES while teenage pregnancies were related with low hSES. Through FGDs, it was affirmed that unavailability of social and health care services and poor domestic technologies, contribute significantly to loss of productive time by women.

This study concludes that women’s age and residence accessibility are important for improving hSES while the desire for relatively many children and teenage pregnancies impact negatively attainment of higher SES, and substantial productive time of women is lost in reproductive work. From this study, is recommended that efforts need to be made to improve road infrastructure, reduce teenage pregnancies through community reproductive health education and improve social services to reduce the time women spend on non-productive activities.